Huffing is a very dangerous activity, and this is a substance abuse problem that seems to be growing. Huffing is the act of inhaling harmful chemicals and substances. Commonly used products that are abused include certain types of glues and adhesives, air freshener, paints, and a wide range of other substances that may seem innocent when used properly but that can be deadly when they are abused and inhaled. Irreversible hearing loss is one of the possible complications that huffing can cause, and there are also many other symptoms and medical complications that can be caused by this form of substance abuse. Recent research data released by the NIDA shows that huffing is most prevalent among kids who are 18 and under.
In the year 2010 almost 7 out of 10 new inhalant users were between 12 years old and 17 years old. This type of substance abuse is increasing and is becoming an alarming trend among adolescents. Spray paints in metallic colors, including gold and silver, tend to be extremely popular with inhalant abusers because these colors usually have more of a chemical solvent called toluene. This substance is responsible for the temporary sense of euphoria and well being. When inhalants are abused brain cells are destroyed and die off. Other cells in the body are also deprived of necessary oxygen and will die off each time an inhalant is abused as well. Memory impairment, permanent damage to the brain and other organs, and many other complications can lead to permanent disability or even death.
When it comes to drug abuse illegal street drugs are not the only problem. Prescription drugs are often abused and can lead to addiction as well. Some of the most commonly abused prescription medications include:
A common misconception is that if the drug is prescribed to the user then it can not be abused and there is no risk of addiction. This is completely false. Any time a prescribed medication is taken outside of the directed use then it is being abused, and addiction can occur. This means taking the medication more often than directed, in larger doses than directed, taking any prescribed medication that is given to someone else, or even taking the drug if it is not needed.
According to scientific studies one in five individuals over the age of 12 in the USA has abused a prescription medication or used one of these drugs for a purpose that it was not prescribed for. Prescription drug abuse has become an epidemic in the United States and this is responsible for many deaths each year. Often the user thinks that a drug is harmless because the doctor prescribed it, and this is especially true with younger individuals. The incidents of skittles parties has been increasing, and the common trend is for teens to raid their home drug cabinets and throw all of the drugs found in a large bowl. Party attendees grab a handful of the multicolored contents without even knowing what they are taking.
Cocaine use is still high across the USA and around the world, despite extensive efforts by governments to eradicate this problem. What are the signs of cocaine use though? Everyone should be aware of the symptoms that may be seen if a loved one is using cocaine. This drug can be snorted, swallowed, smoked, or injected, and the form of use may determine which symptoms are seen in the user. If the drug is snorted then a constantly runny nose may be noticed. When used in any form this drug may cause rapid mood swings, difficulty sleeping, a high level of energy, irritability when coming down, financial difficulties, legal problems, and many other signs. If the drug is injected then the user will have puncture marks where they are injecting the drug. Smoking cocaine can cause respiratory difficulties and a frequent cough that is chronic and may be severe.
You may notice that the individual has white powder around their nostrils, and a common sign of cocaine use is a sensitivity to light. Dilated pupils are another giveaway that cocaine abuse is occurring. Frequent nosebleeds are often seen in cases where the drug is snorted for long periods of time, and in severe cases nasal reconstruction surgery may become necessary to fix defects caused by the extended drug use. The high experienced with cocaine is usually short lived, and over time a tolerance is developed that means more of the drug is needed just to get the same initial effects. Knowing what to watch for can help you prevent any cocaine use from getting worse.