Teen substance abuse in Canada is showing a changing trend according to a new study. The study examined the 2013 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey data which is compiled by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, and the results showed some surprising new trends among teenagers and young adults. The answers from more than 10,000 students in Canada were included in the data that was used for the study. Teen substance abuse in Canada is changing, but the changes being seen are not positive. Canadian teens are smoking less and drinking less alcohol, but they are also turning to the recreational use of over the counter and prescription medications instead. Approximately one out of eight students surveyed reported recreational use of an opiate prescription medication, and a majority of these students accessed the drug abused in their own home.
Roughly 10% of the survey respondents reported that they had used cough syrups or other over the counter medications in order to get high. This indicates a serious problem, and teen substance abuse in Canada appears to be on the rise. Teens today are no longer using the same substances, but the rate of drug and alcohol abuse is still high and many teens are simply switching to drugs that are easier to obtain. Many of the teens involved in the survey for teen substance abuse in Canada also reported either driving while under the influence of a substance or riding in a car with someone driving who is under the influence. If you believe that your teen has a substance abuse problem then it is critical that they receive the help they need, and substance abuse treatment programs are available.
There are many possible consequences of substance abuse and each user may experience different ones, depending on a wide range of factors involved in a specific case. The substance that is being abused will play a role in the consequences experienced, and the severity, duration, and frequency are also factors that play a part. Some of the possible consequences of substance abuse can include:
Physical and medical problems- The possible consequences of substance abuse can include a wide range of medical issues and physical problems. These can range from accelerated aging to death from organ failure or overdose.
Social Issues- One of the consequences of substance abuse can include the loss of social circles and a lack of social opportunities. When substance abuse starts the user tends to draw away from their peers and social circles, turning to others who also use the same substances instead.
Financial Costs- One of the most evident consequences of substance abuse is the financial toll that these activities can have. Not only are drugs and alcohol expensive to purchase but the user may miss time at work or become ill due to their substance abuse.
Loss of career or community standing- Drug or alcohol abuse can cause the user to lose their career, their standing in the community, or both. These consequences of substance abuse could cause the user to lose everything they have worked hard their entire life for.
Loss of trust from loved ones- One of the possible consequences of substance abuse is the loss of trust and respect from loved ones. Those who engage in substance abuse and become addicted will steal or lie in order to get the needed cash to obtain the drug of choice. Often the targets are family members, and eventually no one trusts the user or what they say.
Signs of heroin abuse are not always easy to spot if you do not know what to look for. Some of the more common signs of heroin abuse may include:
Pupils which are constricted and smaller than normal
Nodding off, which is a side effect caused by the sedation that opiates cause. The individual may fall asleep sitting or even standing, and their head will drop down as they doze.
Lying and other forms of deception. Deceit is one of the most common signs of heroin abuse, because the user tries to keep their habit a secret from others.
Speech that seems slow, slurred, or incoherent, or sentences that seem garbled.
A lack of interest in personal appearance and good hygiene habits. People who abuse heroin may not bathe for several days, and even brushing their teeth and hair may seem like too much effort once this drug takes over.
Drug paraphernalia and items that are used to abuse the drug. Signs of heroin abuse may include needles, spoons that have been burned, cotton balls, small baggies with a residue of white powder in them, and pieces of tin foil.
Wearing unusual or inappropriate clothing in order to hide any needle punctures.
Theft from friends and family members in order to pay for the drug habit. Heroin can be expensive, especially once the user builds up a tolerance, and they may steal from others in order to pay the drug.
Picking at the skin is another one of the signs of heroin abuse. Sometimes this picking can become severe enough to leave scabs, sores, and scarring.
Every year, new drugs are studied and approved for the market by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. These drugs vary in type and dosage, treating different symptoms and ailments. From drugs used to treat those with HIV to others that help the fight against Type-2 Diabetes and heart disease, advances in science allow for doctors to introduce new ways to help their patients treat illness. However, there are also illicit drugs that are gaining popularity and need to be watched in order to reduce abuse.
The Newest Drugs on the Market and Their Uses
The newest drug approved for use by the FDA is Vizamyl, which is an injection that is a radioactive diagnostic drug that assists doctors with PET imaging of the brain in adults being evaluated for Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. Adempas, another new drug on the market, helps treat adults with two forms of pulmonary hypertension. In all, there are a handful of new drugs that were approved by the FDA in 2013 that are not well known.
Illegal Drugs Gaining in Popularity Among Users
Bath salts, Krokodil and N-Bomb are just a few illegal drugs that are being used by adults and teens nationwide. These drugs contain many more synthetic chemicals than their relative drugs such as heroin and LSD, which makes them even more dangerous and deadly. Learning about the effects of these drugs and how to use prescription drugs properly will help keep you and your children safe.
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For the first time ever a worldwide survey has been conducted on drug use across the globe, and this survey uncovered some expected facts but also some that may be surprising. It is important to note that the survey conducted did not factor in any hallucinogen use or Ecstasy, these drugs were not included in the survey questions or the data that was compiled. Some of the facts about drug use that the survey shows is that:
Marijuana is the most popular drug when it comes to illegal drug use, and this is true across the globe.
The drug abuse that leads to the most deaths is prescription pain medications, including Oxycontin, Vicodin, and codeine.
In the year 2010 over half of the illegal drug abuse deaths were caused by prescription pain medications, but the survey did not consider deaths caused by ecstasy or other hallucinogens.
Those at the highest risk for drug abuse and addiction were men who were in their 20s. The countries with the top drug abuse rates included Australia, Britain, Russia, and the United States.
Countries with the lowest drug abuse rates include Africa and Asia, which also have very strict penalties that can include death for some drug offenses.
Countries which have tough drug laws tend to have more drug abuse deaths, while countries that offer needle exchanges and methadone replacement treatment usually have lower deaths from drug abuse.
Every country has some forms of drug abuse, and treatment methods and opportunities can vary widely from one region of the globe to another.