Brain Scan

The Effects Of Substance Abuse Can Be Short Term, Long Term, Or Both!

effects of substance abuse, withdrawal symptomsWhen substance abuse occurs there are many effects that this activity can have. These may be short term, long term, or both of these, depending on which substance is abused, what amounts are used on a regular basis, and how long the abuse has continued. The short term effects that can occur are usually physical, although some drugs and alcohol can cause mental illness symptoms even if they are only used for a short period of time. These can include:

  • High blood pressure
  • Paranoia
  • Changes in heart rate
  • Changes in mood
  • Dizziness
  • Shakes and muscle tremors
  • An inability to think clearly

Long term effects and dangerous symptoms that may occur with some substances even if used only one or two times can include:

  • Psychosis
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Organ damage
  • Deficiencies in the immune system
  • Abscesses and infections at injection sites
  • Depression
  • Paranoia
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Dementia or permanent brain damage

There are many other possible effects and symptoms that can also be caused by short term or chronic substance abuse. Over time you will start to develop a tolerance for the drug or alcohol and this means that you must use more of the substance to achieve the same effect. Addiction follows, and you may experience intense cravings for the substance. Withdrawal symptoms can be physical as well as mental with a number of drugs as well as alcohol. Those addicted to heroin will feel physically ill when they can not access the drug as they start to come down, and these individuals even refer to it as being sick.

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