The detox period can be one that is full of risks, and when certain substances are used for long periods this process may require certain medications in order to control the withdrawal symptoms and prevent medical or health complications as the withdrawal happens. With some users withdrawal symptoms can be very severe and they can lead to complications that can result in permanent damage, injury, or even death at times. These medications may be used to keep the body stable, minimize the discomfort of the withdrawal symptoms, and protect the health and safety of the patient. During withdrawal the individual may experience intense anxiety, physical discomfort or pain, convulsions, nausea, and many other symptoms that range from mild to severe. Common medications used include:
Some of these medications are used to combat anxiety and keep the individual calm. Others treat any seizures or convulsions and quiet brain activity to prevent these events. Some of the drugs used for opiate addiction may also be addictive and they are only used in order to help minimize the physical discomfort that the user has so they do not go back to their preferred substance of choice. Some substances may not require any medications or medical detox but others may have withdrawal symptoms that can be serious or even deadly if left untreated. Any substance abuse program that offers medical detox will have qualified medical professionals on site to ensure that any required medications are available if needed.